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Pattanayak, 1,2,3,4 and Randall Bluffstone 5. Traditional energy technologies and consumer products contribute to household well-being in diverse ways but also often harm household air quality. We review the problem of household air pollution at a global scale, focusing particularly on the harmful effects of traditional cooking and heating.

Drawing on the theory of household production, we illustrate the ambiguous relationship between household well-being and adoption of behaviors and technologies that reduce air pollution.

We then review how the theory relates to the seemingly contradictory findings emerging from the literature on developing country household demand for clean fuels and stoves. In conclusion, we describe an economics research agenda to close the knowledge gaps so that policies and programs can be kishor patel houghton trading options and evaluated to solve the global household air pollution problem.

Figure 1 Ambient air pollution levels in cities worldwide. Figure 2 The number of people relying or projected to rely on solid fuels for cooking by major region and country. Regions that are not shown have very small populations using solid fuels. Data from IEAp. Most of the projected continued reliance on solid fuels is due to increases in usage in the lowest-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, even as solid-fuel use in higher-income countries declines Figure Figure 3 Global burden of disease in disability-adjusted life years DALYs per 1, people per year due to a indoor kishor patel houghton trading options pollution and b outdoor air pollution.

Note the differences in scales between the two panels. Table 3 Radon-related excess lung cancer kishor patel houghton trading options for smokers and never-smokers. Table 4 Household characteristics and reliance on solid fuels in eight low- and middle-income countries. For institutions and librarians: For further information, and to obtain pricing for your institution, visit the Librarian Resource Center.

Download Citation Citation Alerts. Abstract Traditional energy technologies and consumer products contribute to household well-being in diverse ways but also often harm household air quality. Table 1 Major indoor air contaminants Contaminant Typical sources Particulate matter Outdoors; combustion sources such as cigarettes, wood stoves, and candles; cooking; cleaning; general activity Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Vehicle exhaust, cigarette smoke, cooking, wood smoke, pesticides, commercial and residential application of insecticides and herbicides, treated wood products Nitrogen dioxide Combustion sources, particularly unvented gas or kerosene appliances Volatile organic compounds Cleaning agents, aerosol sprays, pesticides, paints, solvents, building materials, combustion sources, glues Formaldehyde Kishor patel houghton trading options wood products such as particleboard, furnishings, combustion sources, environmental tobacco smoke, cosmetics, paints Environmental tobacco smoke Cigarettes, cigars, pipes Biological contaminants e.

Kishor patel houghton trading options single asterisk refers to average indoor concentration, and the double asterisk refers to average outdoor concentration. Blank cells denote categories not present in some surveys. Save for later Item saved, go to cart. Restore content access Note: This functionality works only for purchases done kishor patel houghton trading options a guest. If you already have an account, log in to access the content to which you are entitled.

Existing Users Are you already a subscriber or have purchased pay per view access in the last 7 days? Table 1 Major indoor air contaminants Contaminant Typical sources Particulate matter. Outdoors; combustion sources such as cigarettes, wood stoves, and candles; cooking; cleaning; general activity. Vehicle exhaust, cigarette smoke, cooking, wood smoke, pesticides, commercial and residential application of insecticides and herbicides, treated wood kishor patel houghton trading options. Combustion sources, particularly unvented gas or kerosene appliances.

Cleaning agents, aerosol sprays, pesticides, paints, solvents, building materials, combustion sources, glues. Composite wood products such as particleboard, furnishings, combustion sources, environmental tobacco smoke, cosmetics, paints.

Dampness, moisture, floor dust, bedding, insects, pets, pests.

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